During the historical period called the enlightenment in the 1600s-1700s, people questioned old ideas and searched for knowledge the french revolution and romanticism. Famous people of the enlightenment the enlightenment or 'age of reason' was a period in the late seventeenth century and early eighteenth century, where a group of philosophers, scientists and thinkers advocated new ideas based on reason. Although the enlightenment majorly consisted of men, some women also played a key role in the movement most of these women were from parisian salons who were able to listen to discussions and gave the philosophes access to political and other social contacts to circulate their enlightenment ideas. Enlightenment and revolution the enlightenment was a seventeenth- and eighteenth-century international movement in ideas and sensibilities, emphasizing the exercise of critical reason as opposed to religious dogmatism or unthinking faith.
Specific enlightenment ideals can be seen in the french revolution's most basic call for change the enlightenment's conception of humanity was one in which there should be as little repression. The heart of the eighteenth century enlightenment is the loosely organized activity of prominent french thinkers of the mid-decades of the eighteenth century, the so-called philosophes(eg, voltaire, d'alembert, diderot, montesquieu. Some of the main causes of the revolution were the influence of the enlightenment thinkers, the involvement of france in foreign revolutionary wars, the fall of the french monarchy, the unmanageable national debt, and the scarcity of food in the years immediately before the revolution. A second short fall of the enlightenment was the french revolution what started as a revolt against tyranny with the aim to put in place a government created according to the highest principles of enlightened thought turned into a blood bath demonstrating the lowest side of human character.
In comparison to this argument, the case for the ideas of the french enlightenment as the chief cause of the revolution is much easier to make that is the case that jonathan israel argues in his recently published revolutionary ideas: an intellectual history of the french revolution from the rights of man to robespierre. The french believed in the ideas of these thinkers, as well as other popular enlightenment ideas, so they tried to overthrow their government the revolution was, unfortunately, very poorly planned and resulted in chaos, the opposite of what they aimed for. The end is usually given as either the death of voltaire, one of the key enlightenment figures, or the start of the french revolution this is often claimed to have marked the downfall of the enlightenment, as attempts to rework europe into a more logical and egalitarian system collapsed into bloodshed which killed leading writers. The enlightenment, sometimes called the 'age of enlightenment', was a late 17th- and 18th-century intellectual movement emphasizing reason, individualism, and skepticism the enlightenment. During the scientific revolution and the enlightenment, one similarity in the work of many scientists and philosophers was that they relied heavily on the ideas of medieval thinkers favored an absolute monarchy as a way of improving economic conditions.
The french enlightenment exerted a powerful influence on english thought many young upper-class englishmen visited france to complete their education among them were three leading english thinkers: adam smith (1723-1790), the. Both the american revolution and french revolution were based on enlightenment ideals age of enlightenment the age of enlightenment, which lasted throughout much of the 17th and 18th centuries, was an intellectual movement, which resulted in overturning many old ideas. During this period, approx 40,000 were killed and 300,000 jailed for different crimes against the revolution robespierre's men were known as the committee of public safety comprised of the political alliance between the mountain and the sans-culottes. Key idea: enlightenment, revolution, and nationalism: the enlightenment called into question traditional beliefs and inspired widespread political, economic, and social change this intellectual movement was used to challenge political authorities in europe and colonial rule in the americas.
The ideas of the age of enlightenment contributed to the french revolution of 1789 some people in power from different countries took some of the ideas of the age of enlightenment and made changes to their countries although they kept power for themselves. The first one was the liberal revolution, the second was the french republic, and the third one was the napoleonic era during the first phase, which was influenced by john locke, french people wanted to be liberated. Enlightenment ideas and the success of the american revolution fueled revolution in france in 1789 the french revolution was quite different than the american revolution both in cause and result however, the french revolution was similar in that it hailed the principles of enlightenment thinking. For the intents of this article, we will begin the enlightenment at the time of newton's publication of principia (1687), and end it with the french revolution of 1789, a time of social change in continental europe, and a period when the industrial revolution of england had gathered momentum.
Enlightenment thinkers were quick to claim that europe - specifically the centers of enlightenment thinking in france, britain, and germany, which roughly correspond to our idea of western europe - was the most civilized place on the planet. The influence dates back all the way to the age of enlightenment, the ideas definitely had an effect on the french citizens the american revolution ties with the enlightenment as well the political inequality of the three estates played a huge part in the disruption. The enlightenment was the root of many of the ideas of the american revolution it was a movement that focused mostly on freedom of speech, equality, freedom of press, and religious tolerance the american revolution was the time period where america tried to gain its independence from england. The age of enlightenment was marked by a series of cultural elite, personalities, so-called theoreticians of the enlightenment ideas through their writings, they would influence the thinking of a new era and change mindsets.
Enlightenment and revolution 1550-1789 enlightenment thinkers' essays -angers french government american revolution main idea enlightenment ideas. This period is referred to the time surrounding the 18th century, more precisely in between the thirty years' war and the french revolution this period is not a revolution, thought or acceptance of one single philosophy, but is a process where the society evolved a bit more. The influence of the enlightenment on the french revolution a short summary: the enlightenment, also called the age of reason or the age of rationalism, was a period when european philosophers stressed the use of reason as the best method for learning the truth.